Nationwide's chief economist Robert Gardner said: "Demand for homes remains subdued on the back of weak labour market conditions, but the lack of homes coming on the market is providing support for prices.
"This is in part a reflection of the low rate of building in recent years which has failed to keep pace with household formation."
The Nationwide house price index was first produced in 1952 and has run throughout the Queen's reign. Prices have increased almost 88 fold over this period, from £1,891, while the cost of goods and services has increased more slowly, with a 25 fold rise. House prices have remained fairly "stable" over the last 18 months, despite the tough economic backdrop, Nationwide said.
The study said house prices are still high relative to incomes, at more than five times the average earnings, well above the long-term average of four times earnings.
A recent spate of soaring rents as those unable to get onto the property ladder have remained in rented homes also suggests that demand for housing is stronger than supply, the report said.
Rents swallow up nearly 40% of earnings in London and average house prices there are more than six times earnings, while people in the South generally spend a bigger share of their income on housing than those in the North, the study said.
It continued: "This is important because it provides further evidence that housing more generally is in short supply, reinforcing the view that any efforts to reinvigorate the housing market should focus on the demand and supply side of the market."
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